December 05, 2012

First Aid Training For Parents and Yaya

Photo Credit:  Inquirer

My kid studies in a progressive school.  Last week they offered the First Aid Training in partnership with The National Red Cross Emergency Response Team.  The discussions and demonstrations focused on infant to kids’ first aid. 

As a parent, it was relieving to understand what to do on emergency cases especially when your kid's involved. Less the panic attack, I think I'd handle the situation much better.

Let me share some of the key points of the training.

Two types of Emergencies:

·         Life threatening

This are cases that need immediate medical intervention.  The victim must be brought to the hospital as quickly as possible.  First aid can be administered while in transit to increase the chances of surviving.

·         Non-Life threatening

These may include medical emergencies such as illness, depending on the severity.  This also includes wounds, burns, injuries and lacerations that need professional attention. First aid is administered to lessen pain and prevent additional injuries.

There are three basic guidelines in administering First Aid:

·         CHECK

            Check the surroundings.  You need to check the area if it is safe for you. For example, you entered a room with an unconscious person sitting in a chair.  Behind were a couple of electronic devices.  Check if the devices are unplugged, no hazardous substance and dangerous person.  You need to check all of this to effectively aid the person.  If you put yourself in danger, you won't be able to help. 

            Check the victim.  You need to see signs of consciousness.  If not, you need to see if the person is breathing, and still has pulse before giving first aid.  Remember, you can't perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if the person is alive. 

·         CALL

            Call the nearest emergency center or hotline.  Most common is the 911 service in the US.  In the Philippines, we also have an emergency number for each area.  In Metro Manila, 171 is the central hotline, in Antipolo it's 696-9911.  You can check your local directory listings for emergency numbers. 

            Make list of the emergency numbers and post it in areas easily seen.  Also orienting your kids about such services is a good practice. 

·         FIRST AID

            Originally, this was CPR.  Then again, we are applying the guidelines in First Aid.  As mentioned, you cannot always perform CPR, but you can give first aid treatments in almost every situation.

So, when do we give CPR?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or commonly known as CPR is a procedure in an emergency wherein chest compressions are given in an effort to create artificial blood circulation by pumping blood through the heart.

It is given if the person is in cardiac arrest or the failure of the heart to contract, thus resulting in cessation of a normal blood circulation.

CPR can be administered to infants, kids and adults.  It involve 5 cycles of 30 count compression and two (2) ventilation, until the victim regains spontaneous circulation or is declared dead.

With these basic guidelines and a calm mind, I’d be able to do something when the situation arises.  Again, the key is stay ALERT and DO NOT PANIC.

 I'll try to discuss more on CPR next time.  
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